My Personal Thesis

Sunday, February 26, 2006

One God, the Father vs. the Trinity

WHO IS GOD? This is a very basic question, yet many have contradicting answers to it. The purpose of this study is to identify who the true God is. Is the true God the Father only or is the true God consists of three persons, namely the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit?

In this thesis, I shall confirm that the FATHER is the ONE and ONLY TRUE GOD and dispel the belief about the Trinity.

The Bible is the main authority to identify who the true God is. Historical and bible scholar’s accounts shall be considered as secondary tools to prove my point in this discussion.

I believe this writer when he said:

“There is only one God. This is the emphatic teaching of the Old Testament. The Jews were the people who knew their God if anyone did (John 4:22), and they had no concept of persons within the Godhead. In the book of Isaiah, God makes some very strong statements which I believe do not allow for a Trinitarian understanding. In Isaiah 44:6&8 God makes the statement, "I am the first and I am the last, And there is no God besides Me . . . Is there a God beside me? yea, there is no God; I know not any." Could scripture be any plainer than this? In verse 24 he states, "I, the LORD, am the maker of all things, Stretching out the heavens by Myself And spreading out the earth all alone." If language means anything then "by Myself" and "alone" mean that there was no other person present. If God is not claiming that he is absolutely one here, then what stronger language would one suggest to convey this? Why would God be so emphatic about oneness, if in reality he were three persons? Would not these statements be misleading? In the next chapter he states, "I am the LORD, and there is no other; Besides Me there is no God. . . . That men may know from the rising to the setting of the sun That there is no one besides Me. I am the LORD, and there is no other, The One forming light and creating darkness, Causing well-being and creating calamity; I am the LORD who does all these" (Isa. 45:5-7). Once again, if God were really three persons, could he use such emphatic language as this? If we take this to be one of the members of the Trinity speaking here, would it be honest for him to say, "There is no one besides Me?" Would he not be forced to admit that there are indeed two other persons in the Godhead? In 46:9 God says, "Remember the former things long past, For I am God, and there is no other; I am God, and there is no one like Me." In this statement, there is one person speaking (notice the singular pronouns) and that singular person says that there is no one like him. I do not see how it is possible to see a Trinity in these passages.” [William Arnold III]


A. This is how God introduced Himself :

"When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the LORD appeared to him and said, 'I am God Almighty; walk before me and be blameless'." (Gen. 17:1, NIV.) God proclaimed Himself as the God Almighty. Being Almighty means that no one could ever be greater than or equal to Him. God Almighty specified a covenant to Abraham:

"I will establish My covenant between Me and you and your descendants after you throughout their generations for an everlasting covenant, to BE GOD to you and to your descendants after you. (Gen. 17:7, NASB)[emphasis mine].

God made an everlasting covenant to be the GOD of all generations. He is the same God of the old, the present and the future…

Who is this God of the old, the present and the future?

King David himself declared: ". . . you alone are God" (. Ps. 86:10, NRSV.).

Samuel pronounced: “"Therefore you are great, 0 LORD God; for there is no one like you, and there is no God besides you, according to all that we have heard with our ears." (II Sam. 7:22, NRSV)

Prophet Malachi revealed to us that the Father is the ONE GOD who created us:

“Have we not all one Father? Did not one God create us?” (Mal. 2:10, ibid)

Prophet Isaiah recorded that the Lord God, the Creator, is the Father:

“But you are our Father, though Abraham does not know us or Israel acknowledge us; you, O LORD, are our Father.”(Isa. 63:16, NIV)

The apostles recognized the Father as the ONE God:

"For there are so-called gods, whether in heaven or on earth (as there are many gods and many lords), yet for us there is one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we for Him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, through whom are all things, and through whom we live." (I Cor. 8:5-6, NKJV)

“One God and Father of all, who [is] above all, and through all, and in you all.(Eph. 4:6, KJV)

Our Lord Jesus Christ declared the FATHER as the ONE and ONLY TRUE GOD:

“Jesus spoke these words, lifted up His eyes to heaven, and said: ‘Father, the hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son may glorify You,

“’And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent’.”(Jn. 17:3, NKJV)

• The Father is the God who declared His pleasure on Jesus during His baptism:

“In those days Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee and was baptized by John in the Jordan. 10And when he came up out of the water, immediately he saw the heavens opening and the Spirit descending on him like a dove. 11And a voice came from heaven, "You are my beloved Son; with you I am well pleased."( Mark 1: 9 -11, ESV)

• The Father is the God whom He prayed to:

“Then Jesus went with them to a place called Gethsemane, and he said to his disciples, "Sit here, while I go over there and pray." 37And taking with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, he began to be sorrowful and troubled. 38Then he said to them, "My soul is very sorrowful, even to death; remain here, and watch with me." 39And going a little farther he fell on his face and prayed, saying, "My Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me; nevertheless, not as I will, but as you will." 40And he came to the disciples and found them sleeping. And he said to Peter, "So, could you not watch with me one hour? 41 Watch and pray that you may not enter into temptation. The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak." 42Again, for the second time, he went away and prayed, "My Father, if this cannot pass unless I drink it, your will be done." 43And again he came and found them sleeping, for their eyes were heavy. 44So, leaving them again, he went away and prayed for the third time, saying the same words again. 45Then he came to the disciples and said to them, "Sleep and take your rest later on. See, the hour is at hand, and the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. 46 Rise, let us be going; see, my betrayer is at hand."( Mt. 26: 36-46, ESV)

• The Father is the God who anointed Him:

“How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him.”(Acts 1:38, ibid)

• The Father is the God who sent Him:

“I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me.”(John 5:30, KJV)

“Jesus said unto them, If God were your Father, ye would love me: for I proceeded forth and came from God; neither came I of myself, but he sent me.”(John 8:42, ibid)

• The Father is the God who made Him Lord and Christ:

“Therefore let all Israel be assured of this: God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Christ.” (Acts 2:36, NIV)

• The Father is the God who gave Him power and glory:

“And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.”(Matt. 28:18, ibid)

“And the glory which thou gavest me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one:”(John 17:22, KJV)

• The Father is the God who made Him Prince and Savior:

“Him God has exalted to His right hand to be Prince and Savior, to give repentance to Israel and forgiveness of sins.” (Acts 5:31, NKJV)

• The Father is the God who own Christ’s doctrines:

“Jesus answered them, and said, My doctrine is not mine, but his that sent me.”(John 17:16, KJV)

• The Father is the God whom Christ implored for help:

“And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, "Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?" that is, "My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?"(Matt. 27:46, NKJV)

• The Father is the God who raised Him from the dead:

”Paul, an apostle, (not of men, neither by man, but by Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised him from the dead;)”(Gal. 1:1, ibid)

“Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.“(1 Pet 1:21, ibid)

• The Father is the God whom Christ would ascend to:

“Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and [to] my God, and your God.”(john 20:17, KJV)

• The Father is the God whom Christ and the apostles taught us to WORSHIP in SPIRIT and in Truth:

“But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship him.”(John 4:23, KJV)

“God [is] a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship [him] in spirit and in truth.”(John 4:24, ibid)

• The Father is the God who will send Christ on Judgment Day:

“And he shall send Jesus Christ, which before was preached unto you.”(Acts 3:20, ibid)

• The Father is the God whom Christ will subject himself with when the right time comes:

“For ‘He has put all things under His feet’. But when He says ‘all things are put under Him’, it is evident that He who put all things under Him is excepted.

“Now when all things are made subject to Him, then the Son Himself will also be subject to Him who put all things under Him, that God may be a in all.” (I Cor. 15:27:28, Ibid.)

B. God, the Father, is the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ

After Christ’s ascension, the apostles continued in teaching who the true God is: They declared that the Father is the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ:

“For he received from God the Father honour and glory, when there came such a voice to him from the excellent glory, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”(2 Pe.1:17, KJV)

“Grace be with you, mercy, [and] peace, from God the Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father, in truth and love.”(2 Jo. 1:3, ibid)

“Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly [places] in Christ.”(Eph.1:3, KJV)

“Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead.” (I Pet. 1:3, ibid)

“Blessed [be] God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies, and the God of all comfort;”(2 Cr. 1:3, ibid)

“That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him:”(Eph. 1:17, ibid)
“We give thanks to God and the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, praying always for you,”(Col. 1:3, KJV)

And they did not lie for teaching us such:

“The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which is blessed for evermore, knoweth that I lie not.” (2 Cr. 11:31, ibid)

C. What God Is

Having understood from the above verses that the Father is the one and only true God, let us study His attributes as compared to the Son and the Holy Spirit:

A. 1) God is Spirit

The Lord Jesus Christ said that God is spirit (Jn. 4:24; 17:1, 3). This means He has no flesh and bones or, in other words, has no material form (Lk. 24:39). And, it is in this sense that God is invisible (I Tim. 1:17).

Because God is invisible, it is important for us to understand what Apostle Paul taught concerning Him:

“For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead, so that they are without excuse.” (Rom. 1:20, Ibid.)

2) God is Almighty(Gem 17:1, Rev. 4:8)

3) God is Immortal (I Tim 1:17)

“Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, to God who alone is wise, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amen.” (I Tim 1:17, NKJV.)

4) God is Omniscient or all-knowing (I Jo. 5:30, NIV)

5) God who created all things has no beginning; He is from everlasting to everlasting (Ps. 90:2)

“Hast thou not known? hast thou not heard, [that] the everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary? [there is] no searching of his understanding.”(Isa. 40:28, KJV)

6) God knows no other God besides Himself (Is. 44:8)

7) The Almighty God neither grows tired nor weary. (Is. 40:28)

8) God is above all; He is subject to no one. (Eph. 4:6; Cor. 15:27-28)

B. Christ’s Attributes

1) Jesus Christ came from God. (Jn. 8:42)

2) Jesus Christ died on the cross. (Jn. 19:30, 33)

3) Jesus Christ acknowledged and called upon the Father. (Mk. 15:34; Jn. 17:1, 3)

4) Jesus Christ wearied and felt tired. (Jn. 4:6)

5) Jesus Christ is a man having flesh and bones. (Lk. 24:39; Jn. 8:40)

6) Jesus Christ, the Son of God, is subject to God the Father. (I Cor. 15:27-28; 11:3)

C. The Holy Spirit

1) The Helper or Comforter that the Father sends to those who were chosen. (John 14:26)

2) The Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father and sent by Christ(John 15:26)

*The Holy Spirit cannot possibly be equal to God, or be God, because the One who sends is greater than the one sent (John 13:16)

D. What God Is Not

1) God is not man.(Hos. 11:9; Ezek. 28:2; Num 23:19)

“…For I am God, and not man” (Hosea 11:9, NKJV)

The Bible made it clear that there is only one God, the Father who is the Creator of all things (Mal. 2:10). He is spirit in nature, which means that He has no flesh and bones (Jn. 4:24; Lk. 24:39). Hence, to believe that God incarnated or became man is not only unbiblical but, above all, contradictory to the teaching of God Himself. God declares:

“I will not execute the fierceness of My anger; I will not again destroy Ephraim. For I am God, and not man, The Holy One in your midst; And I will not come with terror.” (Hos. 11:9, NKJV)

God clarified that He is not man. And so, how could God become man as what Catholics and Protestants do believe? God did not change in form or state of being. He remains unchanged from eternity to eternity. God is God and not man in the same way that man is man and not God:

“Son of man, say to the prince of Tyre, ’Thus says the Lord GOD: “Because your heart is lifted up, and you say, ‘I am a god, I sit in the seats of gods, in the midst of the seas’, Yet you are a man, and not a god, though you set your heart as the heart of a god.” (Ezek. 28:2, NKJV)

Thus, the belief that God became man as Christ, and later returned to being God (The Book of Catholic Quotations, p. 466) is a man-made teaching bereft of biblical proof. The apostles never taught such kind of doctrine and, thus, anyone who teaches this should be accursed (Gal. 1:6-8).

2) God does not change

“For I am the LORD, I do not change.” (Mal. 3:6, NKJV.)

The teaching that God incarnated and changed to man, is against the truth written in the Bible. Why are we certain that the doctrine concerning the incarnation of God to man is a grave error? James 1:17 clarifies:

“Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and comes down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shadow of turning.” (Ibid.)

The true God has always remained God—from everlasting to everlasting. He has never incarnated into a man for He does not change or undergo even a shadow of change.


Today, Catholics and Protestants unwittingly uphold the belief in the plurality of gods. James Cardinal Gibbons writes:

"In this one God there are three distinct Persons-the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, who are perfectly equal to each other." (The Faith of Our Fathers, p. 1)

Catholics and Protestants claim belief in one God, but they assert that the one true God is composed of "three distinct Persons" who are said to be perfectly equal with one another. To say that the "three" are "perfectly equal to each other" is the same as saying that the Father is Almighty, the Son is Almighty, and the Holy Spirit is Almighty. It is, of course, erroneous to say that two Almighty beings are one, how much more of three Almighty beings?

Moreover, if the Trinitarian concept of God is true, it would appear that Christ was not telling the truth when He said that ". . . the Father is greater than I" (cf In. 14:28, NRSV). Furthermore, while there are verses that say the Father is Almighty (cf Gen. 17: 1; 35: 11), there is no verse that says that the Son or the Holy Spirit are almighty. Christ even said: "I can of mine own self do nothing" (cf Jn 5:30, KJV).

To stretch the argument a little further, since the Father is Spirit, then it would mean that the Son, too, is Spirit in nature. Yet, concerning His nature, Christ stated otherwise:

"Behold my hands and my feet. that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have." (Lk. 24:39, Ibid.)

A man-made doctrine

Catholics assert that God had become man in the person of Christ:

". . . God had become Man to save the world and to bring back to mankind all the blessings that had been lost by Original Sin." (The Story of the Church, p. 86)

However, this belief runs counter to what God says:". . . for I am God, and not man."(Hos. 11:9, KJV)

To .say that God became man in the person of Christ is like saying that when Christ died, God also died: "It was Christ the man who died and not Christ who is God," they would contend. Our counter argument: If "Christ the man" is different from "Christ the God," then it would appear that at one time there were two Christs and two Gods which is definitely absurd. If "Christ the man" is the same as "Christ the God," then it would appear that when Christ died, God also died, a belief which contradicts the scriptural teaching that God is immortal:

"Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, be honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen." (I Tim. 1: 17, Ibid.)

Moreover, God states that He does not change:

"For I am the LORD, I change not."(Mal. 3:6, Ibid.)

Hence, the belief that God became a man is a grave error. This conclusion is affirmed by the testimony of Apostle James:

"Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above. and cometh down from the Father of lights. with whom is no variableness. neither shadow of turning:' Js. I: 17. Ibid.)

The Bible never taught that God ever became a man or that there is such a thing as "incarnation." The Lord God is from everlasting to everlasting and His state of being will forever remain a spirit.

Founded on religious traditions

Catholics and Protestants cite I John 5:7 as the basis of their belief in the Trinity. This particular verse says:

"For there are three that bear witness in' heaven: the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit; and these three are one." (New King James Version)

However, the authenticity of I John 5:7 of the New King James Version or even in the King James Version has been denied by the Vatican:

"In recent times the doubts concerning its authenticity have grown and the Holy Office, in 1927, declared that; after careful examination of the whole circumstances, its genuineness could be denied." (Fundamentals of Catholic Dogma, p.56)

Protestant author Albert Sanders, in his pamphlet entitled, Christian Beliefs, candidly admits that the doctrine of Trinity is unscriptural:

"This belief was not formulated into a doctrine by the Apostles. When the charge is made that the doctrine of the Trinity is not found in the Bible it is a correct charge." (p. 30)

Bible scholar Augustus Hopkins likewise reveals that the term "Trinity" is not found in the Bible but was merely invented by man:

"The term 'Trinity' is not found in Scripture, . . .The invention of the term is ascribed to Tertullian." (Systematic Theology, p. 30)

What will result in the belief in one God with three Persons? The result is "Tritheism," says Albert Sanders:

"Accordingly, if we refer to God, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit as 'persons' we are apt to fall prey to what has been called 'Tritheism,' that is the worship of three Gods." (Christian Beliefs, p. 32)

The term "Trinity" and the Trinitarian dogma are not in the Bible. This teaching came from pagans:

"The Papacy has in some of its churches, as, for instance, in the monastery of the so-called Trinitarians of Madrid, an image of the Triune God, with three heads on one body. The Babylonians had something of the same. . . . of such another divinity, worshipped among the Pagans of Siberia, . . . In India, the supreme divinity, in like manner, in one of the most ancient cave temples, is represented with three heads on one body under the name of 'Eko Deva Trimurtti,' 'One God, three
forms.' In Japan, the Buddhists worship their great divinity, Buddha, with three heads, in the very same form, under the name of 'San Pao Fuh.' All these have existed from ancient times." (The Two Babylons or the Papal Worship: Proved to be the Worship of Nimrod and His Wife, pp.17-18)

The doctrine of the Trinity was never taught by the apostles. Neither was it introduced by the Lord Jesus Christ nor by the Lord God. Instead, such doctrine is founded on pagan traditions. It is not scriptural but heretical. Concerning heresies, the Bible warns that those who practice such will not inherit God's kingdom (cf Gal. 5: 19-21, NKJV).

Who espoused the Trinity doctrine?

Athanasius, a Roman Catholic bishop, was the one who defended this dogma in the Council of Nicaea in 325 called by Constantine I.

Following is a summary of the doctrine of the Trinity (Excerpts from Encyclopedia Americana, 1967th Edition, Volume 27, Page 115-116)

"The central and characteristic Christian doctrine of God is that He exists in Three Persons, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. ("Holy Ghost" is the traditional English translation of Sanctus Spiritus and means the same as "Holy Spirit.") At the same time, the Christian church insists that God is One in "substance" (Latin substantia, existence or inner essence), and thus combines in a "mystery’ (a formula or conception which really transcends human understanding) the truth set forth in the Holy Scriptures. It is held that although the doctrine is beyond the grasp of human reason, it is, like many of the formulations of physical science, not contrary to reason, and may be apprehended (though may not be comprehended) by the human mind.

The simplest affirmation is that God is ‘Three in One, and One in Three...’ GOD IS FATHER, AND THE FATHER IS GOD; GOD IS SON, AND THE SON IS GOD; GOD IS SPIRIT, AND THE SPIRIT IS GOD...(But the Father is not the Son and the Spirit, the Son is not the Father and the Spirit, and the Spirit is not the Son and the Father, and yet there is only ONE GOD.)

The full development of TRINITARIANISM took place in the West, in the Scholasticism of the Middle Ages, when an explanation was undertaken in terms of philosophy and psychology, especially of the recovered ARISTOTELIANISM of the 13th century. The classical exposition is found in the works of St. Thomas Aquinas, whose views on this subject had dominated most of later Christian theology, both Roman Catholic and Protestant."

Comments on the Trinitarian Doctrine

Historical accounts

1. Why did it take more than 300 years to formulate a doctrine for the identity of God? Did not the Apostles of Christ, in 30-96 A.D., expound on the singularity of God and Jesus Christ?

2. Why did the work of Aristotle, a noted pagan philosopher, find its place in this doctrine?

3. And why did the academe, "Scholasticism of the Middle Ages," become the center for the development of this concept? Is God’s revelation confined only to a special place like the schools, and to a certain sector of society, like the intellectual elite?

4. Why did it need philosophy to expound on the identity of God?

5. Is the Sacred Scripture, which is accepted as the inspired word of God, not enough to fully introduce God?

The doctrine teaches that the Three Divine Persons of God -- the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit -- are co-equal in omniscience, in omnipotence, and in everything.

1. Why did the Son say that the Father is greater than He, if they are co-equal in omnipotence?

John 14:28 "... I go unto the Father: for my Father is greater than I."

2. Why did the Son say that the Father knows something that He does not know, if they are co-equal in omniscience?

Mark 13:32 "But of that day and that hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father."

3. The doctrine teaches that the Son is just as omnipresent as the Father and the Holy Spirit. Why was the Son not found in all places of Israel , or in every place in the years 1 – 33 A.D.?

4. The doctrine teaches that the Holy Spirit is co-equal in omniscience with the Father and the Son. Why does the Son say that the Holy Spirit cannot speak on His own?

John 16:13 "Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak..."

5) Jesus Christ revealed to John the apostle that there is only one throne in heaven, and the one in the midst of the throne is the "Lamb of God." How could the doctrine explain the three distinct persons of God, in relation to the single throne, and the one in the midst of the throne?

Rev 7:17 For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall…”

6) How could belief in one God explain the following where Jesus is either standing or sitting at the right hand of the Father?

Act 7:56 “And said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God.”

Col 3:1 “If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God.”

7) Where now is God’s promised benefit from His New Testament if this doctrine cannot identify “The Lord our God is one Lord” that until now still remains a mystery?

Jer 31:31 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant 32 Not according to the covenant that I made …33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make… After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. 34 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD : for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD…”

"Mysteries" spawned by the Trinitarian Doctrine

1) “Can we fully understand that there are three Persons in God? We cannot fully undertand that there are three Persons in God, for it is a mystery, called the mystery of the Blesssed Trinity.”(Grau, Ma. Veritas, D.S.P. The Creed. Pasay City, Philippines: Daughters of Saint Paul, n. d.)

2) “…according to the teaching of the Church, the dogma of the Blessed Trinity…is a mystery in the fullest sense: that is to say, it cannot be proved by reason, … if any, it cannot be proved to be possible.” (Blount, C. F., Rev.. The Blessed Trinity. London: Catholic Truth Society, n. d.)

3) “All the truths of our faith are mysteries which we cannot fully understand. The Blessed Trinity is the deepest of all mysteries.” (Killgallon, James, Rev., et a. Life in Christ. Nihil Obstat: Rev. Msgr. James K.Lafferty, Censor Librorum; Imprimatur: Most Reverend Frank H.Greteman, D. D. Bishop of Sioux City, Illinois, USA:ACTA Publications, 1976)

4) "The doctrine of the Trinity can, accordingly, be treated more as an intellectual puzzle for the initiated than as a truth of vital importance for all Christians." (Bracken, Joseph A., S.J. What are They Saying About the Trinity. New York, USA: Paulist Press, 1979.)

5) "... it is not possible for our human minds to comprehend the mystery of the Trinity. Human language, fashioned to speak of the visible realities of our experience, is strained to speak of this sublime truth about God. Much that is said in these pages concerning the Trinity may seem paradoxical and puzzling. What has been said with great care by saints and by councils of the Church to guard this central mystery of faith may seem at first entirely opaque ..." (Lawler, Ronald, O.F.M., Cap., et aI., ed. The Teaching Of Christ. Nihil Obstat: Joseph J. Keppler, Censor Librorum; Imprimatur: John B. Mc Dowell, D.D. Ph. D., Vicar General of Pittsburg. Indiana, USA: Our Sunday Visitor, Inc., 1991.

6) "There are few teachers of Trinitarian theology in Roman Catholic seminaries who have not been badgered at one time or another by the question, 'But how does one preach the Trinity?' And if the question is symptomatic of confusion on the part of the students, perhaps it is no less symptomatic of similar confusion on the part of their professors." (The New Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. XIV)

7) "The Trinity is wonderful mystery. No one understands it. The most learned theologian, the holiest Pope, the greatest saint, all are as mystified by it as the child of seven." (Scott, Martin J., S.J. God And Myself. New York, USA: P.J. Kenedy & Sons, 1917.

8) "We have mentioned that throughout church history many people have attempted to explain the doctrine of the Trinity in a way which is easy to understand. Sometimes they have tried to state it in a way which makes it more easy to believe. But again and again they have not truly represented what the Scriptures actually teach. They have repeatedly ended with a doctrine of the Trinity which is not the Bible's doctrine." (Olyott, Stuart. The Three Are One. England: Evangelical Press, 1979.)

9) "It must be emphasized that the Trinity remains a mystery and that no single illustration can possibly explain everything." (Douglas, Alban. One Hundred Bible Lessons. Mandaluyong City, Philippines, 1996.)

10) "It is possible to believe in God as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit without having to explain everything about it. This was true of the early Christians; it has been the case with Christians through the centuries; and today most Christian people to whom God is known as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, are unable to give a satisfactory explanation of that belief. ..." (Sanders, Albert J. Christian Beliefs. Quezon City, Philippines: National Council of Churches in the Philippines, 1964.)

These are some mysteries about God propagated by the Trinitarian doctrine. The eminent proponents of the doctrine recognize its inadequacy in clearly identifying God and Jesus Christ, with the admission, "The understanding of the Trinity is a mystery, a formula or conception which really transcends human understanding." Statements like the following are attributable to great theologians and Bible scholars advocating the doctrine: "If you try to understand the mystery of the Holy Trinity, you will lose your mind; but to deny it will mean the loss of your soul."

Is it far-fetched to presume that the foregoing doctrines instill "spiritual blindness" among the adherents as not to know or "see" God? The doctrines failed to consider the basic truth well established in the Holy Scripture referring to the true knowledge and wisdom about God and His words.


Various Issues, God’s Message Magazines (INC’s Official Publication)]


  • At 8:51 PM, Blogger EMMANUEL F. DUQUE said…

    Thanks for your Post. I can get more & more knowledge. Not only in our worship Services. But Also here. Thanks again and More Power.


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